myanmar Arts and crafts

Tapestry

Tapestry, one of Myanmar arts and crafts is mainly originated in Mandalay and famous souvenir. Myanmar tapestry involves an intricate weaving of colored threads with appliqué work and lavish embellishment with gilded materials and semi precious gems to yield a picture.
The art of Myanmar tapestry work is believed to have its beginnings during the time of King Alaungpaya in the 18th Century. At that time it was very roughly done, and some historians believe that better workmanship was introduced during his son's reign when Thai prisoners of war were brought to the new capital of Ava.
The velvet panel is first backed with a sheet of rough cotton cloth to reinforce it, so that it can bear the weight of the embellishments without buckling in the heavier places. On this background, figures of human or animals are appliquéd on with metallic sequins. Cotton wools are stuffed under the appliqués s that the figures stood out in relief. The final touches come from carefully arranged colored and mirrored-glass that have been cut or molded to look like gem cabochons.
The tapestry is widely use as embellishments like wall-hangings, Marionettes, traditional Myanmar costumes for dance performers, Royal dresses which are to be used in special occasions such as Noviatiation Ceremony. Now a day tapestry hat & shoulder bags are specially made for souvenir.
 

Marble Stone Carving

Since Theravada Buddhism is flourishing in Myanmar at the very beginning of its historical period and Myanmar revere Buddha, thousands and thousands of temples and stupas have been built in every towns and villages. Even on the summit of remote places their has a white-washed pagoda built by the native people.
At that each and every temple and stupa at least a Buddha image has enshrine as sacred. Then it can say Myanmar has millions of Buddha images various sizes are enshrined at the Pagodas, stupas, temples and more in monasteries. These Buddha images are made out of stone, brick, wood, metal, alloy and plaster.
Among stones, marble is rated the best in texture, hardness and beauty. In Myanmar marble is called Sagyin, which derives from Sagyin hill. Originally Sagyin is the name of the village in Madaya Township, 21 miles to the north of Mandalay.
A mountain range consists of 7 hills - four to the north and three to the south of village. Because of the mountain range lies near Sagyin Village, it acquired the name Sagyin Hill and the marble stone produced are called Sagyin stone. As the Sagyin Hill range is an offshoot of the mountains of Mogok, the world re-nowned ruby land, there are some ruby mines in Sagyin Hills. But the hills are more well-known for their marble which varies in colour from pure white to bluish gray.

Wood Carvings

Since Myanmar produce good quality teak wood, lavish embellishment with wood-carvings can be seen at the religious buildings and hotels. Wood-carving furniture and other decorative materials are widely used in Myanmar.

Brass Molding

In Mandalay, ancient brass molding factories produce innumerable Buddha images and other decorated objects. They are still using primitive technique very skillfully.



Gold-Leaf beating

In Myanmar, gold-leaves are widely sold at the famous pagodas to gild the Buddha image or stupa with gold-leaf. This is the Myanmar tradition for meritorious deeds. These gold-leaves are originally make in Mandalay. Mandalay's gold-leaf makers are concentrated in the south-east of the city, near the intersection of 36th and 78th Sts. Sheets of gold are beaten into gossamer-thin pieces which are cut into squares and sold in packets to devotees to use for gilding images or even complete stupas. The typical gold-leaf square measures just 0.000127 cm, thinner than ink on the printed page. Gilding a Buddha image or a stupa with gold leaf brings great credit to the gilder, so there is a steady growth of gold leaf on many images in Myanmar.
 

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