myanmar Arts and crafts
Tapestry, one of
Myanmar arts and crafts is mainly originated in Mandalay and famous
souvenir. Myanmar tapestry involves an intricate weaving of colored
threads with appliqué work and lavish embellishment with gilded
materials and semi precious gems to yield a picture.
The art of Myanmar tapestry work is believed to have its beginnings
during the time of King Alaungpaya in the 18th Century. At that time
it was very roughly done, and some historians believe that better
workmanship was introduced during his son's reign when Thai
prisoners of war were brought to the new capital of Ava.
The velvet panel is first backed with a sheet of rough cotton cloth
to reinforce it, so that it can bear the weight of the
embellishments without buckling in the heavier places. On this
background, figures of human or animals are appliquéd on with
metallic sequins. Cotton wools are stuffed under the appliqués s
that the figures stood out in relief. The final touches come from
carefully arranged colored and mirrored-glass that
have been cut or
molded to look like gem cabochons.
The tapestry is widely use as embellishments like wall-hangings,
Marionettes, traditional Myanmar costumes for dance performers,
Royal dresses which are to be used in special occasions such as
Noviatiation Ceremony. Now a day tapestry hat & shoulder bags are
specially made for souvenir.
Marble Stone CarvingSince Theravada Buddhism is flourishing in Myanmar at the very
beginning of its historical period and Myanmar revere Buddha,
thousands and thousands of temples and stupas have been built in
every towns and villages. Even on the summit of remote places their
has a white-washed pagoda built by the native people.
At that each and every temple and stupa at least a Buddha image has
enshrine as sacred. Then it can say Myanmar has millions of Buddha
images various sizes are enshrined at the Pagodas, stupas, temples
and more in monasteries. These Buddha images are made out of stone,
brick, wood, metal, alloy and plaster.
Among stones, marble is rated the best in texture, hardness and
beauty. In Myanmar marble is called Sagyin, which derives from
Sagyin hill. Originally Sagyin is the name of the village in Madaya
Township, 21 miles to the north of Mandalay.
A mountain range consists of 7 hills - four to the north and three
to the south of village. Because of the mountain range lies near
Sagyin Village, it acquired the name Sagyin Hill and the marble
stone produced are called Sagyin stone. As the Sagyin Hill range is
an offshoot of the mountains of Mogok, the world re-nowned ruby
land, there are some ruby mines in Sagyin Hills. But the hills are
more well-known for their marble which varies in colour from pure
white to bluish gray.
produce good quality teak wood, lavish embellishment with
wood-carvings can be seen at the religious buildings and hotels.
Wood-carving furniture and other decorative materials are widely
used in Myanmar.
ancient brass molding factories produce innumerable Buddha images
and other decorated objects. They are still using primitive
technique very skillfully.
In Myanmar, gold-leaves are widely sold at the famous pagodas to
gild the Buddha image or stupa with gold-leaf. This is the Myanmar
tradition for meritorious deeds. These gold-leaves are originally
make in Mandalay. Mandalay's gold-leaf makers are concentrated in
the south-east of the city, near the intersection of 36th and 78th
Sts. Sheets of gold are beaten into gossamer-thin pieces which are
cut into squares and sold in packets to devotees to use for gilding
images or even complete stupas. The typical gold-leaf square
measures just 0.000127 cm, thinner than ink on the printed page.
Gilding a Buddha image or a stupa with gold leaf brings great credit
to the gilder, so there is a steady growth of gold leaf on many
images in Myanmar.